Tag Archives: Brexit

Self-Determination Is a Human Right: Scotland

The right to determine and control your own destiny is a human right. The very same statement also applies to the pursuit of sovereignty in Scotland by a considerable percentage of the population, including the majorly elected Scottish devolved government. How is it that one can assert the contrary with even a trace of self-assurance? The push factors for independence in Scotland are overwhelming, and it goes far beyond the traditional arguments of cultural nationalism.

I believe that the results of the 2014 independence referendum, which put the pro-independence campaign at a mere 44.3%, were due to the hollow promises made by the leaders of the three largest British political parties at that time. The three men in question, then Prime Minister and Tory leader, David Cameron, Leader of the Labour Party and the Opposition, Ed Miliband, and Leader of the Liberal Democrats, Nick Clegg, all made a pledge to effect devo-max for Scotland. The situation since the independence referendum has changed greatly, but unfortunately, change has only come about in a negative light. All three of the aforementioned leaders are out of the equation, and so far, full fiscal autonomy for Scotland has not been successfully delivered.

Now, however, the Scottish people are faced with another difficult obstacle, by being dragged out of the European Union against their democratic wishes. First Minister Nicola Sturgeon proved to be the only leading figure in British politics to have a sense of direction in the aftermath of the rather traumatic E.U. referendum. Arguably, since then, Sturgeon has remained the sole bearer of logic. It is of the utmost importance to protect Scotland’s place in the E.U., and I applaud the First Minister for acting out her duty by defending her people’s decision and declaring the necessity of a second independence referendum. This contrasts rather interestingly with Northern Ireland’s Arlene Foster, who has shown time and time again that she resolutely stands by the right-wing traditionalist minority – perhaps not the most attractive or ideal feature in a leader. What Foster does not seem to realise is, power always belongs with the people.

In the space of a week of Brexit being declared, Sturgeon met with senior officials of the E.U. to discuss Scotland’s future in the organisation, including the President of the European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker. Quite rightly, the First Minister was met principally with sympathy and understanding, with the exception of Spanish Prime Minister, Mariano Rajoy, who fears secessionist movements in his own country. Until independence can be achieved with the consent of a majority of Scottish voters, further negotiations cannot take place. However, numerous experts have come out and supported the claim that Scotland can legally be admitted to the E.U. as a ‘successor state’ of the U.K., with or without the approval of Spain. In addition to this, a recent poll conducted across six E.U. countries and Norway has affirmed that a strong majority support the membership of an independent Scotland in the E.U., including 71% of German respondents. Though nothing is yet clear, what is certain is the U.K. will soon no longer be a member state of the E.U., thus Scotland will no longer be part of this organisation either. However, an independent Scotland would definitely have E.U. membership on its agenda – in my opinion, that is a much better deal.

The ‘Better Together’ campaign led by the notorious former Chancellor of the Exchequer, Alistair Darling, was a movement unsurprisingly driven by fear and lies. Modelled heavily on the ‘Non, Merci’ campaign which succeeded in preventing Quebec from parting ways with Canada in the 1995 referendum, it obsessed over the issue of an independent Scotland’s potential currency. The Westminster government, in a manner which I can only describe as unnecessarily disrespectful, made it clear that they would refuse to allow an independent Scotland to use the British Pound. The more appropriately named ‘Bitter Together’ campaign used the fear of the Scottish people in their advantage, and scaremongered their way to a tight victory. Opinion polls in the days approaching the referendum indicated that there was indeed significant uncertainty, with unreliably changeable outcomes and an enormous undecided percentage. In a YouGov poll carried out for the Sunday Times, just over a week before the referendum, the pro-independence side was winning by a margin of 51-49%. However, the Scottish people were fed vicious lies, and unfortunately, they made their decision based on fear, and not on hope. Though as former First Minister of Scotland, Alex Salmond stated, the “dream shall never die.”

Although I feel Scots is a component of my overall cultural identity, as my maternal grandmother came from the district of Maryhill in Glasgow, my support for Scottish independence has nothing to do with my ethnic heritage. I see the many benefits that can come into fruition with independence, particularly the possibility for the Scottish people to determine their own future without any obstruction from an out of touch government 525 kilometres away. Who better to govern Scotland than the people who live in Scotland? The common argument spouted by unionists is that Scotland would become ‘Skintland,’ as was coined in an article by The Economist, however, that is simply not true. As was publicised by the ‘Yes Scotland’ campaign in the run-up to the referendum, the Financial Times estimated that an independent Scotland would be wealthier than any other country in the U.K., and in the world’s top 20 wealthiest nations. The truth of the matter is, the people of the other U.K. countries, especially those of England and Wales, think very differently to the people of Scotland. One must simply glance at the political map of the general election results last year to see it is so.

The potential for Scotland is truly profound, and the central government in London know this. The democratic wishes of the Scottish people are not of Westminster’s concern, this is evident with the presence of weapons of mass destruction on the River Clyde, despite the majority of Scots being staunchly opposed to it. It is clear to see that Nicola Sturgeon and her 54 SNP MPs put their country first with every decision they make, even in these times of great turbulence. With just hours after Theresa May having been inaugurated as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, I am of the firm belief that Nicola Sturgeon, in all her reason and political prowess, can push for a better deal for Scotland – a second independence referendum.

Auf Wiedersehen, Großbritannien!

It is a struggle to find the appropriate words to describe how I am feeling about yesterday’s unwelcome news – the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland will part ways with the European Union. The result of the historic referendum, genuinely, came as a great shock to me. A part of me always assumed that the Vote Remain campaign would gain victory across the U.K., as the alternative seemed deeply divisive and undesirable. However, one must now come to terms with the judgement of the majority of the British population, no matter how wrong it is reckoned to be.

Although the success of Vote Leave, which won by 51.9%, is a life-changing result of significant global importance, this is only the beginning of the end. An official notification on behalf of the British government must first be delivered to the E.U., and subsequent negotiations must take place before a ‘Brexit’ can be realised. The process will carry on for a period of two years, as the U.K. attempts to reorganise its trade agreements with nations remaining in the E.U. In the aftermath of the vote’s declaration, the markets’ volatility was manifested, and this was indeed predicted – but not by the triumphant Vote Leave campaign. The lies spouted by the ‘Brexiters’ were shameful and completely unprincipled; particularly the pledge made by Boris Johnson that £350 million would be invested in the National Health Service per week if the British people voted to leave. Just an hour after the results became known, Nigel Farage called that very pledge a “mistake.” Another lie transpired shortly afterwards when Conservative Party MEP Daniel Hannan stated that leaving the E.U. would reduce immigration to the U.K.

The FTSE 100 observed losses of £120 billion in its worst day since the financial crisis, this, of course, will negatively affect ordinary, hardworking people’s pensions. For ordinary British people, the prospect of purchasing a property and the level of income they receive will all change, negatively, of course. The situation can only expect to furthermore deteriorate financially, and the U.K. will not be the only nation to suffer. The fifth-largest economy on the planet became the sixth largest almost overnight, having been overtaken by France. I wholeheartedly reject the notion that this is short term pain for long term gain. How can this possibly be a good thing?

Already many people who ill-advisedly voted to leave are regretting their decision, I say rightly so. Unfortunately many others are less remorseful, and are chanting such things as “This is our England” and “We have taken our country back.” The most alarming aspect of this referendum was the blatant surge of xenophobia and English nationalism. While I personally am not opposed to nationalist movements, the strong associations of the former with the latter cannot be ignored. The rise in extremist far-right fringe groups, such as the U.K. Independence Party (UKIP), can be attributed to the financial hardships experienced in the U.K. over the past several years. Prime Minister David Cameron never wanted to hold a referendum on the matter of the U.K.’s membership of the E.U., and though it was not legally-binding, the overturning of the popular vote would be considered “political suicide.” Cameron came under intense pressure from the likes of Nigel Farage who represents a part of British society I most certainly do not sympathise with. A part of British society I wish to know no more about. The more the economy deteriorates, the stronger these hate-filled fringe groups will become.

Farage’s infamous and disgusting campaign poster may go down in history for what it was, a replica of Nazi propaganda. Such propaganda is greatly damaging to society, and only heightens the tensions and hatred within it. The senseless murder of Jo Cox, a Labour MP for the constituency of Batley and Spen, and a mother of two, must always be remembered. Jo’s admirable message of compassion and humanity in such dark times must never be forgotten. She was brutally shot and stabbed by yet another terrorist, a 52-year-old named Thomas Mair. A terrorist who reportedly shouted “Death to the traitors, put Britain first.” Such acts of violence and terror towards individuals who are trying their damnedest to make a positive difference are commonplace in this oftentimes cruel world. That is why it was such a tremendously beautiful gesture when Malala Yousafzai, a young woman who came face to face with such unspeakable hate, spoke at a remembrance ceremony for Jo in London.

Jo was proud to be from Yorkshire and campaigned for the rights of innocent Syrian civilians surrounded by an unjustifiable conflict in their homeland. That is why this incident was particularly upsetting, as this remarkable woman fell victim to the rising hatred in her own country – the country she truly loved. We, as fellow human beings, must not allow hatred to overpower us. Whenever and wherever we see xenophobia or any form of racial discrimination, we must act resolutely to stop it. We cannot allow immigrant populations to feel unwanted after the great contributions they have made to British society – they have done, and are still doing, the jobs the indigenous workers choose not to.

Now, the people of the U.K have absolutely no idea what the future has in store for them. Some view the go ahead of ‘Brexit’ as the avoidance of the bureaucracy of Europe, as well as the rebirth of British sovereignty and the taking back of control over the U.K.’s borders. My response to that is the U.K. was not part of the Schengen zone, and while the E.U. undeniably needs immediate reforms, the withdrawal of the U.K. from the organisation was not the solution. It will prove to be a reckless move. A move the U.K. will learn to be sorry about in the future, or so I hope. It is safe to say the very union at the core of the U.K.’s existence is now threatened following the outcome of the E.U. referendum, as Scotland voted 62% to remain in the E.U., and Northern Ireland voted 56% in favour of remaining also.

Within a matter of hours of the result being announced, First Minister of Scotland Nicola Sturgeon made her response as blunt and as explicit as possible. The concept of Scotland having a second independence referendum in the next two years is “very likely” and is “very much on the table.” Sturgeon has stood by her people, the people of which she was chosen to represent, and she will put up a fierce fight to ensure their voice is heard loud and clear. A material change in circumstances has occurred, that cannot be argued, and in the event of such a material change, a referendum on independence must be called upon. The Scottish people are being dragged out of the E.U., an organisation from which they benefit considerably as a primarily rural, peripheral region. It is, as Sturgeon has called it, “democratically unacceptable.”

From my viewpoint, I feel very strongly that Northern Ireland should get that same right – the right to have a democratic voice, the right to self-determination, and the right to decide upon a burning question that has irritated the island of Ireland for almost a century. I think it is beyond repulsive that Theresa Villiers thinks she has the God-given right to decide Éireann’s future, the same can be said of Northern Ireland’s First Minister Arlene Foster. Foster’s demeanour is offensive and disrespectful if nothing else. It is as if she is inhabiting a parallel universe, dismissing reality in preference of fantasy. A border poll must be held, otherwise, Northern Ireland will undoubtedly walk backwards into the nightmares of the past.

However, by suggesting that the Troubles may be reborn, I am not being overdramatic or delusional. The Vice President of the U.S. Joe Biden, who is currently researching his ancestry in the Republic, delivered a speech earlier today calling for the continuation of peace in the six counties. He stated that “old habits of mistrust and sectarianism die hard.” Thus, it is indeed on the minds of prominent political figures, instability and ethnosectarian violence could easily fall back into place. That is something I truly do not want to see, for democracy always trumps violence – on both sides. The U.K. government, and the N.I. government, have no other choice but to honour the results of the referendum and observe the clear-cut facts, Scotland and Northern Ireland overwhelmingly voted to remain in the E.U. Villiers has carelessly rebuffed Sinn Féin’s request for a border poll, claiming that ‘Brexit’ will not affect or damage the Good Friday Agreement or the greater peace process. How on earth will tight border controls not damage the fragile North-South relationship? Such an ill-considered statement should not come as a surprise, however, she did support a ‘Brexit’ after all.

The fight to prevent a ‘Brexit’ has been defeated, therefore there is no logical purpose in grouching any further over it. But, certainly, there are fights of merit still to be fought, such as the fight for a second Scottish independence referendum and an Irish border poll. The political climate has changed dramatically in the past two years since Scotland voted on its future, never mind 43 years since the nationalist-boycotted Irish border poll was conducted. Although our political differences definitely outweigh our similarities, I respect Prime Minister David Cameron for being a man of integrity, at least towards the end of his time in office. Cameron persuaded his cabinet to accept the holding of an E.U. referendum, in order to preserve the unity of his party. It can also be said that he put his heart and soul into the campaign, but it just did not pay off. He does not possess the intellectual convictions to be the person who will negotiate with the E.U. now that the U.K. is withdrawing, as he does not believe in doing so. Though it must be said that Cameron will be leaving behind a fractured union of nations, and may be passing on his premiership to Boris Johnson – a chilling thought.

Brexit: An Irish Perspective

The potential exit of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union, more commonly known by the snappy portmanteau ‘Brexit,’ has gotten everyone talking. To me, the concept of the U.K. closing itself off from the remainder of Europe is deeply concerning, both from an economic point of view and a diplomatic one.

President Barack Obama, during his visit to the U.K., has made it abundantly clear that he is staunchly opposed to a British withdrawal from the E.U. Obama sensibly cited the Northern Ireland peace process and how much it has achieved since it was effected in 1999, following the Good Friday Agreement. This lasting peace could not have endured without co-operation on both sides of the border, and now a ‘Brexit’ threatens to undo all of the commendable progress that has been made. I would be more inclined to believe in the words of Barack Obama over the likes of UKIP’s Nigel Farage.

Despite the vast improvements observed in Northern Ireland’s society, once fraught with violent sectarianism, there is still a long way to go. However, no further progress can take place if the British people ill-advisedly vote to leave. ‘Brexit’ would serve only to alienate the Northern Irish nationalists from the Republic, with which they have ethnic, cultural and historical ties. The concept of strict border controls on the N.I.-R.O.I. border will directly affect ten counties and is absolutely appalling. ‘Brexit’ would serve only to afflict trade and business between the U.K. and the Republic. That cannot be emphasised enough. People who possess dual nationality and are employed on the opposite side of the border from where they reside will have immense and unnecessary difficulty in their everyday lives. Border controls along the N.I.-R.O.I. border will be far too reminiscent of the past to be even remotely a good thing.

Perhaps the most insulting and frustrating part of this campaign is the response received from the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP.) First Minister Arlene Foster stated back in February that her party would back the ‘Brexiters.’ To me, that is a massive kick in the teeth to the Irish people and the entire peace process. For it undermines the close-knit relationship the 32 counties currently have, and undoubtedly that will come back to haunt her someday. It is also a daily occurrence for people, north and south, to cross the border for recreational purposes without any disturbance. The current Secretary of State for Northern Ireland Theresa Villiers is also a Brexiter, which only adds insult to injury.

‘Brexit’ would serve only to stir up trouble in Scotland, with which the U.K. has a fragile relationship. The Scottish National Party (SNP) has 54 out of 59 Scottish seats in the British House of Commons and is experiencing a surge of support among Scots who feel cheated by the DevoMax pledge made by the Conservatives, the Liberal Democrats, and Labour. First Minister Nicola Sturgeon has promised a second independence referendum if there is a “material change” in Scotland’s political situation – ‘Brexit’ would deliver a said material change. Much like the people of the Irish Republic, the vast majority of Scottish people are pro-E.U. and are prepared to accept the many benefits that come with membership and participation. If the U.K. leaves the E.U. it is very likely that Scotland will leave the U.K. – an inevitability in a matter of two years according to former First Minister Alex Salmond.

Admittedly, the quickly deteriorating situation in our backyard is alarming, but surely that is more of a reason to remain part of the E.U. Merciless terrorist attacks in prominent European cities and countless floods of refugees pouring into Europe are major problems to us all. Nobody has denied it, nobody is denying it. The E.U. is designed to foster stronger and healthier relations between its member states, while simultaneously upholding peace across the continent. Membership and active involvement in the E.U. are of the U.K.’s highest national interest. We, as European cousins, must work together and tackle whatever adversities we are faced with. Compromise is the key solution, reform in the E.U is much more preferable than the recklessness of a ‘Brexit.’ It cannot be argued, peace is imperative.

Seldom would I express any form of praise towards a Conservative, but the work Prime Minister David Cameron is carrying out to prevent the U.K.’s citizens from voting to leave the E.U. invokes my approval. Whereas the less said about the former Mayor of London, Boris Johnson, the better. The leave campaign is fuelled by xenophobic misinformation and Britain’s delusions of empire. Indeed a British withdrawal will negatively affect the Republic and the mainland member states, however, the U.K. is certainly not the superpower it once was. But let me make this clear, that is not an Anglophobic statement. I harbour no hatred whatsoever towards the U.K. and its people, in fact, the very contrary. Unfortunately one has to clarify such obvious statements in order to avoid a petty onslaught – which is becoming increasingly common among those who support ‘Brexit.’

I was born in northern Wales and have strong familial connections to the U.K., therefore I feel a great sense of warmth towards the nation. I would like to continue to see a robust United Kingdom within the European Union, which is able to have its voice heard and is constructive in its criticisms. The British people have every right to determine their future, as do all communities and peoples – but they must act for the good of all their citizens, in all four constitutional countries of the U.K.

‘Brexit’ would serve only to create trade complications with the United States and the other member states who will remain within the E.U. The Republic of Ireland imported an estimated 43% of goods from the U.K. in 2012, not to mention up to 90% of its petroleum and natural gas is of British origin. But the Republic can turn towards other E.U. states for increasing trade relations, particularly France which is geographically nearby. It wouldn’t be an especially desirable move, but it is feasible.

The U.K. will suffer dramatically if it parts ways with the E.U., and I genuinely do not want to see that happen. I cannot understand why anyone in a sound state of mind would want their nation to suffer. A return to the U.K.’s ‘splendid isolation’ would be economically detrimental. Co-operation in Europe in such dark times is essential.